Steve Jobs showing off the new MacBook Air, an ultraportable laptop, during his keynote speech at the 2008 Macworld Conference & Expo. Credit: Tony Avelar—AFP/Getty Images.
Steve Jobs has been synonymous with Apple since he cofounded the garage start-up with Stephen Wozniak more than three decades ago. And today, eight years after he was first diagnosed with a rare form of pancreatic cancer, the Apple CEO stepped down from his position, saying in a letter to the Apple board “I have always said if there ever came a day when I could no longer meet my duties and expectations as Apple’s CEO, I would be the first to let you know. Unfortunately, that day has come.” (He will remain as chairman.)
His presentations of new products at Macworld from the iBook to the iPod to the iPhone to the iPad are legendary and the toughest ticket in tech town, and through his vision—and willpower—he has transformed Apple into one of the leading companies in the world, briefly surpassing Exxon recently as the biggest company(market cap) and with nearly $80 billion in cash reserves.
As Steven Levy, Wired senior writer, wrote in his biography of Jobs for Britannica, Jobs:
coddled his engineers and referred to them as artists, but his style was uncompromising; at one point he demanded a redesign of an internal circuit board simply because he considered it unattractive. He would later be renowned for his insistence that the Macintosh be not merely great but “insanely great.”
In 1985, after Jobs’s apparent failure with the low sales of early Macs, he was fired, and he was seemingly out in the wilderness, but in the mid-1990s, as Apple was on the verge of collapse, the company would turn to Jobs as its savior. As Levy continued,
Jobs believed that Apple, as the only major personal computer maker with its own operating system, was in a unique position to innovate.
Innovate he did. In 1998, Jobs introduced the iMac, an egg-shaped, one-piece computer that offered high-speed processing at a relatively modest price and initiated a trend of high-fashion computers. (Subsequent models sported five different bright colours.) By the end of the year, the iMac was the nation’s highest-selling personal computer, and Jobs was able to announce consistent profits for the once-moribund company. The following year, he triumphed once more with the stylish iBook, a laptop computer built with students in mind, and the G4, a desktop computer sufficiently powerful that (so Apple boasted) it could not be exported under certain circumstances because it qualified as a supercomputer. Though Apple did not regain the industry dominance it once had, Steve Jobs had saved his company, and in the process reestablished himself as a master high-technology marketer and visionary.
The Apple I Steven Jobs (right) and Stephen Wozniak holding an Apple I circuit board, c. 1976. Courtesy of Apple Computer, Inc.
What followed in the 21st century was more innovation, as the iPod and iTunes revolutionized the music industry, the iPhone revolutionized the mobile market, and the iPad single-handedly has created the tablet market.
Though Jobs was superhuman and larger than life in business, disease has shown his mortality (as it humanizes all of us). Health issues have affected him over the last eight years, and he has left and returned to work at Apple several times. In 2008 he received a liver transplant, and he returned to work again in 2009. But, earlier this year he took another leave of absence, finally announcing today that he would be stepping down from his position immediately.
What Jobs’s departure means for Apple and the tech industry is impossible to predict, but with him off the stage there’s no doubt that Apple’s product unveils just won’t be the same. Still, I for one hope that we’ll see him return to Macworld to unveil the iPad 3 or the iPhone 5 or some iProduct we can’t even imagine.
Source: Britannica Blog